Smoke Alarm Laws & Legislation by Category

Select a legislation type below to view legislation details by province or territory.

Smoke Legislation Map

Alberta
Under Alberta Law, all dwelling units (including rental units) must have smoke alarms. When replacing existing hardwired smoke alarms, the replacement must also be hardwired and may not be solely battery operated. Smoke alarms installed in addition to hardwired alarms are permitted to be battery operated.

 

British Columbia
Smoke alarms are mandatory in all dwellings under the British Columbia Fire Code. Dwellings constructed before the B.C. Building Code required smoke alarms in 1979 are also required to have a smoke alarm. Smoke alarms are permitted to be battery operated in a dwelling unit constructed before the March 31, 1979 British Columbia Building Code inception date or in a building which is not supplied with electrical power. Dwelling units constructed after the 1979 building code changes require the smoke alarms to be permanently wired to the home’s electrical system and interconnected.

 

Manitoba
The Manitoba Fire Code requires all residential properties to be equipped with smoke alarms.

Winnipeg: Rental properties without hardwired alarms are required to have 10-year sealed battery smoke alarms.

Heat Detectors: Adopted 2012 revision of 2010 National Building Code April 2016. The Manitoba Building Code requires heat sensors to be installed in attached garages in all new residential construction. New home construction requires heat sensors wired so they will activate all hard wired smoke detectors within the dwelling. The building code requires fixed temperature heat sensors to be installed in each storage garage that is within, part of or attached to a dwelling unit; be installed on the ceiling of the storage garage or, if the storage garage has no ceiling, on the bottom of a ceiling joist within the storage garage; be installed by permanent connections to an electrical circuit and have no disconnect switch between the overcurrent device and sensor; and be wired so that the activation of the sensor will cause all smoke alarms required to be within the dwelling unit to sound.

Strobe Alarms: The National Building Code only calls for visual alarm signals in addition to alarm signals in buildings or portions of buildings used by people with hearing impairments, and in non-residential locations with loud ambient noise, concert venues, and where noise insulation is used.

 

New Brunswick
The Fire Prevention Act requires smoke alarms in all residential properties.

 

Newfoundland and Labrador
Smoke alarms are required in new and existing dwelling units.

 

Nova Scotia
Smoke alarms are required in all dwellings.

 

Ontario
Smoke alarms are required in all dwelling units and other occupancies as required by the Building Code.

Heat Detectors: Enforced as of January 1, 2020. Heat detectors are required in all buildings with a fire alarm system and should be installed in storage rooms, service rooms, janitors’ rooms, rooms that store hazardous materials, elevator hoistways, chutes, dumbwaiter shafts, and laundry rooms in residential buildings, but not those within dwelling units.

Strobe Alarms: The National Building Code only calls for visual alarm signals in addition to alarm signals in buildings or portions of buildings used by people with hearing impairments, and in non-residential locations with loud ambient noise, concert venues, and where noise insulation is used. In Ontario, as of 2015, smoke alarms installed in new construction or during major renovations must have a visual signaling component. This includes smoke-strobe alarms inside every bedroom in new construction and renovated housing.

 

Prince Edward Island
Smoke alarms are required in all dwellings, including in all bedrooms, near all sleeping areas and on every level of a home.

 

Quebec
Smoke alarms are widely required in dwellings and other buildings throughout the province. Long-life battery smoke alarms are encouraged where hardwired alarms are not already installed.

Montreal: All residences built before 1985 and which are not already equipped with hard-wired alarms must have 10-year sealed battery smoke alarms.

 

Saskatchewan
Smoke alarms are required in all dwelling units.

Regina: Rental properties without hardwired alarms are required to have 10-year sealed battery smoke alarms.

 

Northwest Territories
Smoke alarms are required in all new dwelling units, in all sleeping rooms and on every floor.

 

Nunavut
Smoke alarms are required in all new dwelling units, in all sleeping rooms and on every floor.

 

Yukon Territory
Smoke alarms are required in all homes, on every level of the home and outside all sleeping areas.

DISCLAIMER: The information provided herein is BRK Brands, Inc.'s summary interpretation. It is only intended to be used as general reference material. It is neither authoritative nor intended to take the place of either the written law or applicable regulations. This should not be construed as an attempt to offer or render legal advice, a legal opinion, or otherwise engage in the practice of law. Check with your province / territory and local authorities for complete information.